Glynis Board Published

Eminent Domain of Gas Rights Discussed Around W.Va.

Tower for drilling horizontally into the Marcellus Shale Formation for natural gas, from Pennsylvania Route 118 in eastern Moreland Township, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, USA

Eminent domain is when a government entity takes over private property for public use. A piece of legislation is forming that would essentially allow that to happen in the northern gas fields of West Virginia. Only the government entity is allowing private industry to take over property, which is in gas form, 6,000 feet below the surface. And it won’t benefit the public directly, unless you count severance taxes.

The practice is called “forced pooling,” and public meetings continue around the state to allow members of the public to learn more about it.

Under current state law, when gas companies attempt to drill a well, if a royalty owner in the area refuses to sell or lease rights, the company cannot drill the well. Forced pooling could change all that. Industry stakeholders have been pushing the idea with legislators since the Horizontal Well Control Act was passed in 2011.

Industry stakeholders say forced pooling is necessary to make sure gas resources aren’t wasted (§22C-9-6.). Opponents say it amounts to an illegal property grab. The West Virginia Royalty Owner’s Association used to be the loudest of opponents, but now Vice President Tom Huber has organized and is moderating discussions around the state to explain what new legislation could mean for mineral owners.

“I helped negotiate the bill,” said Huber, “it’s kind of a part of me.”

Huber says his only objective in these meetings is to give people information so that they can make up their own minds about whether to support the bill.

“I think, personally – this is my belief — if people know what’s in the bill they will support it. This is a negotiating tool for royalty owners to get a better deal.”

During the meeting, Huber referred to the “deep well statute” in West Virginia code, which already allows for forced pooling of deeper shale rocks, like the Utica formation. A forced pooling law applied to the Marcellus formation would require owners of 80 percent of a land parcel, based on net acreage, to voluntarily lease rights. Owners of the remaining 20 percent would have to accept leasing terms if an expanded oil and gas conservation commission orders it.  

Reactions at meetings have varied, Huber says, from enthusiastic and inquisitive to hostile and suspicious; he says the reactions he gets often depend on the companies communities are encountering. Mostly, though, he says people just don’t want to be taken advantage of.

Huber says the West Virginia Royalty Owner’s Association will likely make a final draft of a forced pooling bill available for review later this month. While there has been talk of a special session to discuss the matter, Huber expects the bill will more likely be introduced during the 2016 legislative session.

Similar legislation died by a single vote during the final night of the 2015 session.