world war II

West Virginia Morning
West Virginia Public Broadcasting / West Virginia Public Broadcasting

On West Virginia Morning, a survivor of the attack on Pearl Harbor spoke to members of the Morgantown High School band.  The band has been chosen to represent the state at commemoration ceremonies in Hawaii next year.  And we’ll visit West Virginia first state capitol in Wheeling. 

These stories on West Virginia Morning from West Virginia Public Broadcasting – telling West Virginia’s story.

October 14, 1943: U.S. Army Begins Transforming Parts of Dolly Sods

Oct 14, 2015
Sunset over Dolly Sods
e-wv, The West Virginia Encyclopedia / Steve Shaluta WV Division of Tourism (WVDT)

  On October 14, 1943, the U.S. Army began transforming parts of Dolly Sods into an artillery range. Troops from across the eastern United States were trained at what the Army named the “West Virginia Maneuver Area” in preparation for combat in World War II. Dolly Sods—a rugged and stunningly beautiful mountainous area located at the intersection of Grant, Randolph, and Tucker counties—was chosen because it resembled the European landscape. It also was virtually unpopulated and allowed clear sight lines for artillery training. At the same time, the Army conducted a rock-climbing school at nearby Seneca Rocks in Pendleton County and taught pack mule techniques and mountaineering skills.

August 17, 1944: Heroic Actions Earns Fayete Co. Native Medal of Honor

Aug 17, 2015
e-wv, The West Virginia Encyclopedia

Stanley Bender’s heroic actions on August 17, 1944, would earn him the Medal of Honor. Bender was born in Fayette County in 1909, the son of a coal miner and Russian immigrant. His family moved to Chicago in 1930, and Bender enlisted in the Army in 1939.

e-wv, The West Virginia Encyclopedia

  General “Pete” Everest was born in Fairmont on August 10, 1920. A pioneer pilot of rocket planes, Everest once earned the nickname of “the fastest man alive.”

During World War II, he first flew in the European Theater, completing 94 combat missions. Everest later flew 67 combat missions in the China-Burma-India region. During this time, he destroyed four Japanese aircraft before being shot down in May 1945. He spent the last few months of the war as a Japanese prisoner of war.

On West Virginia Morning, Ashton Marra reports from the National Governors Association meeting held late last week at the Greenbrier in White Sulphur Springs.  And Jesse Wright has the story of a Dutch man who is tending the grave of a West Virginia soldier who was killed in action in the Netherlands during World War Two.  These stories on West Virginia Morning from West Virginia Public Radio news – telling West Virginia’s story.

May 12, 1971: Nurse Col. Florence Blanchfield Dies at 87

May 12, 2015

Colonel Florence Blanchfield died in Washington on May 12, 1971, at age 87. She was born in Shepherdstown in 1884, the daughter of a nurse and a stonecutter. After training as a nurse in Pittsburgh and Baltimore, she enlisted in the Army Nurse Corps in 1917 and served in France during World I.

Arch Moore
U.S. Government Printing Office / wikimedia Commons

  Arch Moore was born in Moundsville on April 16, 1923. During World War II, he was severely wounded in the face and had to learn to talk again during his long hospital recovery. The Republican was elected to the state legislature in 1952 and to Congress four years later.

e-wv, The West Virginia Encyclopedia / Courtesy of E. I du Pont de Nemours & Company, Belle

  On April 1, 1926, the DuPont plant at Belle produced North America’s first ammonia made from a high-pressure process. A few years before, chemical giant E. I. DuPont had decided to build an ammonia plant, using technology developed by Germany during World War I. The technology consisted of giant mechanical compressors, called ‘‘hypers,’’ which generated up to 15,000 pounds of pressure per square inch. In 1925, DuPont started construction of its new hyper-pressure plant in the eastern Kanawha County town of Belle.

e-wv, The West Virginia Encyclopedia

Statesman Cyrus Vance was born in Clarksburg on March 27, 1917. After serving as a navy gunnery officer during World War II, he became an attorney in New York City. His first government post was as a special counsel to then-Senator Lyndon Johnson’s committee on space and aeronautics. In this role, he helped write the law that created NASA.

e-wv, The West Virginia Encyclopedia

  On February 23, 1945, Marine Corporal Herschel “Woody” Williams perilously risked his life to neutralize Japanese positions during World II. At the time, American tanks were struggling to open a lane for infantry forces on Iwo Jima. With only four riflemen covering his movements, Williams repeatedly prepared demolition charges and rushed enemy lines. Armed with a flamethrower, he destroyed seven Japanese pillboxes, one by one, over a four-hour period. This act of individual heroism earned Williams the Medal of Honor. Eleven days later, he was wounded by shrapnel and earned a Purple Heart.

Camp Ashford was built in the summer of 1942 by Italian POWs, who stayed at the camp until the German prisoners arrived the following year.
e-wv, The West Virginia Encyclopedia online; The Greenbrier / The Greenbrier, Camp Ashford, White Sulphur Springs, World War II

Yeager beside the Bell X-1 rocket plane Glamous Glennis.
e-wv, The West Virginia Encyclopedia online. / Chuck Yeager, Lockheed P-80, Charleston, Lincoln County, World War II

National Museum of American History / Smithsonian Institution

A West Virginia group dedicated to honoring the working women of World War II wants to start a national movement.
     "Thanks! Plain and Simple" executive director Ann Montague says a public meeting will be held Friday afternoon at Huntington's Pullman Plaza Hotel.

Memories of Flying in WWII on this WV Morning

Dec 4, 2013
Ashton Marra

On this WV Morning, World War II veteran William Sherman Beard of Hillsboro, West Virginia remembers flying B-24s over Europe. West Virginia University's Board of Governors is continuing its search for an interim president, and Governor Earl Ray Tomblin and First Lady Joanne Jaeger Tomblin were joined by hundreds of West Virginians at the Capitol complex to celebrate their annual holiday gathering, 'Joyful Night.'

West Virginia has one of the highest percentages of veterans of any state. And many of those veterans come from the "Greatest Generation," who saved the world from fascism.